Treatment for Diabetes Mellitus – Your Options, For Life, For Survival
So, the doctor calls you after a routine blood test and tells you that you have diabetes or that you are pre-diabetic. You have heard all the horror stories of people getting amputations and dying from diabetes. Now, all you want to know is what you need to do to treat diabetes. That is what we will cover here…
Let’s first look at the basics of treatment:
” Prevention and treatment involve maintaining a healthy diet, regular physical exercise, a normal body weight, and avoiding use of tobacco. Control of blood pressure and maintaining proper foot care are important for people with the disease. Type 1 DM must be managed with insulin injections. Type 2 DM may be treated with medications with or without insulin. Insulin and some oral medications can cause low blood sugar. Weight loss surgery in those with obesity is sometimes an effective measure in those with type 2 DM.” – Wiki
What Exactly is Diabetes
There is a great video from an Australian research Institute that explains what is actually happening inside the cells of your bloodstream when you have diabetes. Essentially, what happens is that your cells do not absorb the glucose from your blood. That does not allow cells to turn the blood sugar into fuel for the body. That is why testing of your blood is so essential to treatment. You are testing to see how much medicine you need to take or other types of food you need to consume in order to get your levels under control. You can watch the video here:
Overall Treatment Options to Deal with Diabetes
You will need to monitor your blood glucose levels. This involves using a meter that reads the glucose level in a drop of blood you obtain by pricking your finger. Again, this is important to do to see the levels and how your body is reacting to the breakdown of the food you eat. If you don’t know your levels (which the doctor will provide) you can’t tailor anything else. In order to do the monitoring, you will need the following: a monitor, testing strips, and alcohol swabs. The monitoring supplies can be purchased at most stores with a pharmacy.
Generally speaking, a low-glycemic diet is going to be more beneficial than others. The reason is that you want food that doesn’t get broken down quickly and enter the bloodstream in a rush. You want a slower, more gradual release of glucose into your body so your cells have time to absorb the blood sugar. That means limiting carbohydrates and extra sugar. You are going to want to focus on things like high fiber foods, vegetables and whole grains.
Often, exercise can improve your blood sugar levels. Excess weight will be detrimental to your system handling the blood sugar in your system. Moderate exercise, under doctor supervision, will help you lose extra weight and get the blood chemistry under control. Make sure you start out slow. If you hurt yourself by going too hard in the beginning, you will not keep up with it. Start slow and build up. The biggest thing you need to focus on is consistency.
Fortunately, for many diabetes patients, diet, exercise and monitoring will be enough to control their diabetes. The rest will need some sort of medicine to assist. The primary medicine used to treat diabetes is insulin. This is given by a self-injection. Lately, there have been many advances in the types of medicine used to treat Type II diabetes. You will need to talk to your doctor to ensure that the medicine prescribed is sufficient to treat the disease, and has a minimum of side effects.
Unfortunately, many people feel the diagnosis of diabetes is a death sentence. That is certainly not the case. Through careful, consistent work, you can manage your diabetes. There are definitely some serious side effects associated with the disease, but as long as you manage your levels, you can manage the disease and the side effects.